Sunday, July 12, 2009

Justitia, lady justice, , , the Roman Goddess of Justice and sometimes, simply "Justice") is an allegorical personification of the moral force in judicial systems.

Since the Renaissance, Justitia has frequently been depicted as a maiden carying a sword and balance of scales and at times she was shown blindfold.She conflates the attributes of several goddesses who embodied Right Rule for Greeks and Romans, blending Roman blindfolded Fortuna (Goddess of Luck) with Hellenistic Greek Tyche(of fate), and sword-carrying Nemesis(of vengeance).

Justitia's attributes embodiment of divine order, law, and custom, in her aspect as the personification of the divine rightness of law.

Justitia is most often depicted with a set of weighing scales typically suspended from her left hand, upon which she measures the strengths of a case's support and opposition. She is also often seen carrying a double-edged sword in her right hand, symbolizing the power of Reason and Justice, which may be wielded either for or against any party.

As stated above, Lady Justice is often depicted wearing a blindfold. This is done in order to indicate that justice is (or should be) meted out objectively, without fear or favor, regardless of identity, power, or weakness: blind justice and impartiality. The earliest Roman coins depicted Justitia with the sword in one hand and the scale in the other, but with her eyes uncovered. Justitia was only commonly represented as "blind" since about the end of the fifteenth century. The first known representation of blind Justice isHens Gieng's 1543 statue on the of Justice) in Switzerland. However, the Old Bailey courthouse in London, a statue of Lady Justice stands without a blindfold; the courthouse brochures explain that this is because Lady Justice was originally not blindfolded, and because her “maidenly form” is supposed to guarantee her impartiality which renders the blindfold redundant.

She is the symbol of the judiciary.Depicted as a Goddess equipped with three symbols of the Rule of law, a sword symbolizing the court's coercive power; scales representing the weighing of competing claims; and a blindfold indicating impartiality.

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